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<br /><br /><h4></h4><br />The acute dermal toxicity of resorcinol was studied in male albino rabbits Koppers Company, Signs of intoxication included salivation, tremors, and convulsions, and handled skin areas showed slight erythema and extreme dryness. Mean knowledge for 3 donors and 16 replicates point out a plateau in receptor fluid focus between 24 and 48 h, as mirrored by cumulative absorption values of 1. A regular-state permeability coefficient. For male albino rats pressure not given;.<br />The results have been extra pronounced at seventy two h. The irritation index was given as 4. However, owing to missing correlating histopathological adjustments within the three levels of the mind examined and in the absence of a dose—response relationship, different indicators of developmental delay, or other modifications in CNS perform, these effects were not thought of as conclusive proof of a change in CNS function. In the next two-generation reproductive toxicity examine RTF, , these finish-points weren't investigated. No resorcinol-related effects on F zero and F 1 pup survival or the overall bodily situation of the pups through the pre-weaning interval were noticed.<br />Different research performed with rats and mice gave no enhance in the micronucleus formation in bone marrow cells. Bone marrow smears have been prepared at 30 h, and polychromatic erythrocytes per animal have been scored Gocke et al. An interim sacrifice at 15 months gave no difference in haematology, medical chemistry, or different medical pathology parameters and no elevated incidence of neoplasms or non-neoplastic lesions. Also, at final sacrifice, there was no proof of carcinogenic activity in males or females of each species.<br /><br /><h2></h2><br />Animals that died confirmed hyperaemia and distension of stomach and intestine, while there have been no gross lesions at necropsy in survivors Flickinger, In another examine with CFY rats. Most of the studies are of adequate quality and acceptable for threat characterization purposes.<br /><br />The organisms have been uncovered to the test concentrations for 96 h. Biological observations were carried out every day.<br /><br /><h1></h1><br /><br /><ul><br />  <br />  <br />  <br /> <li>Koppers Company studied potential pores and skin irritating effects of flaked or industrial resorcinol in male albino rabbits mg underneath occlusive conditions over 24 h, scoring after 24 and 72 h.</li><br />  <br />  <br />  <br /> <li>In practice, however, the incidence of sensitization appears to be low.</li><br />  <br />  <br />  <br /> <li>However, the exposed space cm 2 was tremendously in extra of the typical area of pores and skin normally treated for pimples.</li><br />  <br />  <br />  <br /> <li>Hence, an improved biodegradation price leads to lowered dangers for the surroundings.</li><br />  <br />  <br />  <br /> <li>There were no published animal research displaying thyroidal effects with a dose—response relationship that might be used for a tolerable consumption.</li><br />  <br /> <br /> <br /></ul><br />Determination of resorcinol conjugates in the h urine samples after 14 days of continuous product therapy showed that a maximal 23 mg 2. Assuming a physique weight of sixty four kg IPCS, gives an publicity estimate of zero. In a report primarily based on shopper research knowledge Gans, , beneath reasonable maximum-use situations i.<br />Although thyroid results are a significant finish-point in both human case-research and animal studies, there's a lack of consistency within the ends in the animal research. Resorcinol brought on no antagonistic results in several copy and developmental toxicity studies in rats and rabbits. Resorcinol isn't thought of to be genotoxic.<br />One factor rising potential poisonous results is the appliance of resorcinol to injured pores and skin Cassano et al. Surviving F 0 parental and F 1 following choice rats underwent full gross necropsy following the breeding period seven F zero males per group , following completion of weaning of F 1 pups F 0 females , following scheduled necropsy of F zero females remaining seven F 0 males per group , on PND 28 F 1 exposed pups , or on PND 30 or 70 F 1 pups chosen for behavioural testing.<br /><br />Other pores and skin results have been hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis, irritation, and sebaceous gland hyperplasia, whereas there have been no systemic treatment-related lesions. With resorcinol, a number of initiation—promotion research with hamsters Maruyama et al. Female Syrian golden hamsters 10—20 per group were treated with two subcutaneous injections of. In a study performed by Hasegawa et al.<br />The third research, carried out in , included of active employees. In subjects men, 13 women with a mean age of 37 years, both laboratory and different exams, including medical examination, have been accomplished; no irregular thyroid glands or modifications in T four values had been found in any of the topics when compared with regular values Bauer, The above knowledge are limited because of small examine sizes, lack of comparability teams, missing present and historical control knowledge, and lacking data regarding potential exposure classes. In a research in a plant producing resorcinol by sulfonation of benzene — and in addition producing beta -resorcylic acid, resorcinol—formaldehyde resins, sulfites, and sulfates — staff had been exposed primarily to resorcinol, however the publicity to other agents was not measured for publicity levels, see section 6. In this plant, three cross-sectional studies were carried out between and Flickinger, In , medical examinations, chest X-rays, pulmonary perform, haematology, and scientific chemistry were performed with of individuals actively employed at a production plant in Pennsylvania, USA. In addition, male rats have greater circulating ranges of TSH than females.<br />As is well-known in dermal absorption research, the character of the car has an excellent influence on the absorption of a compound. Resorcinol appears to be absorbed a lot better from anti-acne preparations than from the hair dye preparations underneath regular utilization situations.<br />Two long-term studies with Swiss mice or NZW rabbits, the place the animals have been treated with zero. In an in vitro. In an investigation in three human volunteers utilizing situations much like those utilized in hair dyeing, 14 C-ring-labelled 1. This suggests that only a small quantity of resorcinol penetrates the skin through the precise process of hair colouring.<br />The microscopic examination of the thyroid gave minimal modifications follicular hyperplasia , which had been statistically not important between controls and individual dose teams RTF, In vitro studies have been performed to evaluate the results of resorcinol on thyroid perform. In excessive-dose teams, a decrease in body weight and decreased survival have been noted. Owing to concern in regards to the thyroid results of resorcinol, which have been shown in human research to occur at excessive doses, this finish-point specifically has been the point of focus in several research. In many of the older research, the results of resorcinol publicity on the thyroid gland are conflicting. It has been instructed that thyroid results seem to be depending on an administration route that permits for continued systemic exposure e.
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中文中有那么多好听的花儿名字,英文的对应名称又是怎样的呢?是不是都是些又长又拗口的拉丁文学名?其实有很多花儿的英文名称都很美哦,一起来看看。  满天星 Baby's breath  “婴儿的呼吸”,这样的名字从口中读出来,都有种温馨甜蜜的意味。 [http://ask1.cn/ 点击更多] ,这种花的学名是Gypsophila,这个词可就半点浪漫意味都没了。  牵牛花 morning glory  在我们眼中娇羞如小家碧玉的牵牛花,英文名称居然如此大气而庄严,真让人有几分诧异。这样看来,用牵牛花的另一个名称“朝颜”来对应morning glory,会更匹配一些。同样,它的学名,旋花科植物Convolvulaceae,看上去就没那么诗意了。  水仙 narcissus/daffodil  narcissus这个名字来源于希腊神话中的美少年Narcissus,由于痴恋自己在河中美丽的倒影而憔悴致死,死后化作水仙花。因此我们常说的“自恋”英语中就是narcissistic;narcissus这个词是“水仙花”的总称,而daffodil指的是其中的一种,黄水仙。英国著名湖畔派诗人华兹华斯就有一首脍炙人口的优美小诗《Daffodil》。  勿忘我 Forget-me-not  英文和中文刚好相互对应。原名是希腊文,意为“老鼠的耳朵”,因为勿忘我的叶子长的像老鼠耳朵。更常用的这个forget-me-not最开始是从法文名ne m'oubliez pas(别忘记我)直接翻译过来的。  木槿 Rose of Sharon  《诗经》中曾将美貌女子比喻成木槿:有女同车,颜如舜华。“舜”就是木槿。英文名看上去很奇怪,因为最初将圣经翻译成英文时,译者把希伯来语中的“木槿”一词翻错了,于是就出现了rose of sharon这个名字。  白玉兰 magnolia  上海市的市花是白玉兰。这个词小编一直觉得相当拗口,总是读成mangolia,囧,大家不要读错啊。  萱草 Day lily  萱草又称忘忧草。古时候由于母亲居住的地方,门前总是种满萱草,所以用“萱堂”来指代母亲。这是一种寄托思念的花,在古老的《诗经》中同样出现过:焉得谖草?言树之背。愿言思伯,使我心痗。其中“谖草”就是萱草的古称。英文名day lily来自希腊语,希腊语的原意是“day”和“beautiful”。  康乃馨 carnation  看得出来,康乃馨的名字是从英文音译过来的。大家都知道康乃馨是从给妈妈的花,但是不同颜色的康乃馨也有不同的含义,在法国,紫色康乃馨是献给死者的花,而且在讲法语的国家,康乃馨代表的是不幸。送给妈妈的康乃馨应该是粉红色。传说这种花是圣母玛利亚的眼泪灌溉出来的,所以代表了至纯的母爱。康乃馨的学名在希腊文中的原意是heavenly flower。母亲节快到了,大家是不是要给自己的妈妈准备一束粉色康乃馨呢?<br /><br /><br />

Latest revision as of 10:03, 29 May 2020

中文中有那么多好听的花儿名字,英文的对应名称又是怎样的呢?是不是都是些又长又拗口的拉丁文学名?其实有很多花儿的英文名称都很美哦,一起来看看。  满天星 Baby's breath  “婴儿的呼吸”,这样的名字从口中读出来,都有种温馨甜蜜的意味。 点击更多 ,这种花的学名是Gypsophila,这个词可就半点浪漫意味都没了。  牵牛花 morning glory  在我们眼中娇羞如小家碧玉的牵牛花,英文名称居然如此大气而庄严,真让人有几分诧异。这样看来,用牵牛花的另一个名称“朝颜”来对应morning glory,会更匹配一些。同样,它的学名,旋花科植物Convolvulaceae,看上去就没那么诗意了。  水仙 narcissus/daffodil  narcissus这个名字来源于希腊神话中的美少年Narcissus,由于痴恋自己在河中美丽的倒影而憔悴致死,死后化作水仙花。因此我们常说的“自恋”英语中就是narcissistic;narcissus这个词是“水仙花”的总称,而daffodil指的是其中的一种,黄水仙。英国著名湖畔派诗人华兹华斯就有一首脍炙人口的优美小诗《Daffodil》。  勿忘我 Forget-me-not  英文和中文刚好相互对应。原名是希腊文,意为“老鼠的耳朵”,因为勿忘我的叶子长的像老鼠耳朵。更常用的这个forget-me-not最开始是从法文名ne m'oubliez pas(别忘记我)直接翻译过来的。  木槿 Rose of Sharon  《诗经》中曾将美貌女子比喻成木槿:有女同车,颜如舜华。“舜”就是木槿。英文名看上去很奇怪,因为最初将圣经翻译成英文时,译者把希伯来语中的“木槿”一词翻错了,于是就出现了rose of sharon这个名字。  白玉兰 magnolia  上海市的市花是白玉兰。这个词小编一直觉得相当拗口,总是读成mangolia,囧,大家不要读错啊。  萱草 Day lily  萱草又称忘忧草。古时候由于母亲居住的地方,门前总是种满萱草,所以用“萱堂”来指代母亲。这是一种寄托思念的花,在古老的《诗经》中同样出现过:焉得谖草?言树之背。愿言思伯,使我心痗。其中“谖草”就是萱草的古称。英文名day lily来自希腊语,希腊语的原意是“day”和“beautiful”。  康乃馨 carnation  看得出来,康乃馨的名字是从英文音译过来的。大家都知道康乃馨是从给妈妈的花,但是不同颜色的康乃馨也有不同的含义,在法国,紫色康乃馨是献给死者的花,而且在讲法语的国家,康乃馨代表的是不幸。送给妈妈的康乃馨应该是粉红色。传说这种花是圣母玛利亚的眼泪灌溉出来的,所以代表了至纯的母爱。康乃馨的学名在希腊文中的原意是heavenly flower。母亲节快到了,大家是不是要给自己的妈妈准备一束粉色康乃馨呢?